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Federal Aid By State

Federal Aid By State
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Introduction

The distribution of Federal aid across states in the United States is a dynamic process, intertwined with various factors such as population size, poverty levels, tax revenues, and infrastructure needs. This aid plays a significant role in funding essential services and support programs like public education, Medicaid, transportation, and community development projects, affecting the lives of millions of American citizens.

Federal aid, however, does not distribute evenly across the states. Information from the Federal Aid Payments database reveal key insights about the disparities in federal aid, distribution patterns, and influential factors driving these variations.

  • California, with its vast population and significant needs, received the highest total federal funding at approximately $201.8 billion. This echoes the trend of states with larger populations and greater infrastructural needs receive more federal funding.
  • Virginia and Texas follow California, garnering significant federal aid at $173.8 billion and $183.9 billion, respectively. It's noteworthy that Virginia, despite having a comparatively smaller population than Texas or California, receives substantial federal aid through dense concentration of federal facilities and contractors.
  • State such as Vermont, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming receive some of the lowest federal aid, mirroring the trend that states with smaller populations and lesser infrastructural demand receive lower federal funding.
  • Interestingly, states with higher poverty levels like Mississippi and West Virginia receive disproportionate federal aid compared to wealthier states, as aid is often targeted towards poorer populations and states with extensive assistance programs.

States that Receive the Most Federal Aid

Leading the ranking is Virginia, which intriguingly receives substantial federal funding of $173.8B. Given its smaller population compared to some states, this largely stems from Virginia's high concentration of federal facilities and federal contractors within its borders.

Second on the list is Maryland, with its federal aid amounting to $88.0B. Industry plays a significant role in Maryland's economy, with the state being home to many federal institutions, including the Social Security Administration and National Institutes of Health. 

Kentucky ranks third with a total aid of $84.5B, while Alabama, with federal aid of $69.0B, stands at seventh place. Both these states have relatively high levels of poverty, thereby initiating more federal assistance to support their local programs and welfare.

The federal aid received by Arkansas and New Mexico, $31.9B and $33.4B respectively, places them both in the top ten of states receiving federal aid, despite their small populations. This indicates that these states have sizable needs that are met by federal intervention, which could be associated with lower state tax revenue and higher levels of poverty.

Hawaii, with federal aid of $18.6B, Mississippi, with federal aid of $40.2B, and West Virginia, with federal aid of $24.4B, also mark their positions high on the list. These states illustrate an essential point: states with less affluent populations often rely more heavily on federal funds to support their local economies and public programs.

Last is Alaska, which brings in $13.5B in federal aid. Despite its geographic size, Alaska possesses the nation's smallest population, which may be a contributing factor to its spot on the list.

States that Receive the Most Federal Aid:

  1. Virginia - $173.8B
  2. Maryland - $88.0B
  3. Kentucky - $84.5B
  4. Alabama - $69.0B
  5. Mississippi - $40.2B
  6. New Mexico - $33.4B
  7. Arkansas - $31.9B
  8. West Virginia - $24.4B
  9. Hawaii - $18.6B
  10. Alaska - $13.5B

Full Data Set

Frequently Asked Questions

Methodology