Data Pandas Logo

Gold Reserves By Country

Title
This is some text inside of a div block.

The Gold Standard: A Global Examination

Gold has been a coveted resource for millennia, serving as a symbol of wealth and power in cultures around the world. Beyond its cultural value, gold plays a crucial role in international economics, acting as a barometer of financial health for nations. Central banks amass gold reserves as a form of insurance, a firewall against inflation, and a tool to manage currency values. This article focuses on the current state of gold reserves by countries worldwide, with an emphasis on the status in the United States. 

Some key findings from the data include:

  • The United States stands at the pinnacle, housing the largest gold reserves globally, with a staggering 8,133 tons to its name. This impressive hoard accounts for over 70% of its total foreign reserves.
  • In fact, the U.S. gold reserves are more than double that of the next country (Germany), which hosts 3,359 tons of gold.
  • An interesting observation is how countries with robust economies like Italy, France, and Germany also have substantial gold reserves, indicating that gold remains a significant asset even for the most developed nations.
  • There are also instances of countries like Russia and China that have been consistently accumulating gold, aligning their financial strategies to enhance their gold reserves.
  • Contrarily, nations like the United Kingdom, despite having one of the world's largest economies, maintain comparably modest gold reserves at 310 tons.

The size of a country's gold reserves doesn't correlate directly to the state of its economy. Diverse strategic choices, historical factors, and financial conditions result in these fascinating variations in gold ownership across the globe.

Countries with the Largest Gold Reserves

The top ten countries with the highest gold reserves are United States, Germany, Italy, France, Russia, China, Switzerland, Japan, India, and Netherlands. 

The United States tops the list with an impressive 8,133 tons of gold reserves. Germany follows with a substantial amount of its own, coming in second place with 3,359 tons of gold reserves. 

Italy and France are not far behind, storing an impressive 2,452 and 2,436 tons of gold reserves, respectively. Russia also sports a significant heap of golden wealth with a standing of 2,299 tons.

China continues the list with a respectable 1,948 tons, followed closely by Switzerland with 1,040 tons. Japan holds 846 tons of gold reserves, with India following closely with 754 tons. Rounding out our top ten list is the Netherlands, holding a solid 612 tons of gold reserves.

10 Countries with the Highest Gold Reserves:

  1. United States - 8,133
  2. Germany - 3,359
  3. Italy - 2,452
  4. France - 2,436
  5. Russia - 2,299
  6. China - 1,948
  7. Switzerland - 1,040
  8. Japan - 846
  9. India - 754
  10. Netherlands - 612

Countries with the Smallest Gold Reserves

Among the countries around the world, some have relatively low quantities of gold reserves. These include Oman and Kenya, both of which have exceedingly low gold reserves, each with just 0.02 tons of gold. Following closely are Fiji and Burundi, each with a slightly higher gold reserve amounting to 0.03 tons. 

Malta boasts a slightly higher gold reserve than the aforementioned countries with a total of 0.09 tons. Similarly, Uruguay also has a relatively low reserve, with only 0.10 tons of its gold. 

On the other hand, Estonia and Chile both tie in this low gold reserve list, each with 0.25 tons of gold reserves. The Dominican Republic holds slightly more than double of Estonia and Chile's gold reserves, with 0.57 tons. Lastly, Honduras tops this list of nations with the lowest gold reserves, with a quantity of 0.69 tons of gold.

The ten countries with the lowest gold reserves are:

  1. Oman - 0.02 tons
  2. Kenya - 0.02 tons
  3. Fiji - 0.03 tons
  4. Burundi - 0.03 tons
  5. Malta - 0.09 tons
  6. Uruguay - 0.10 tons
  7. Estonia - 0.25 tons
  8. Chile - 0.25 tons
  9. Dominican Republic - 0.57 tons
  10. Honduras - 0.69 tons

By Country

Full Data Set

To sort the data in the table, click on the column headers.

Frequently Asked Questions

Methodology