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Wealth Inequality By Country

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Global Wealth Disparities

Wealth inequality, a subject of contentious debate and concern globally, is the unequal distribution of financial assets among individuals within a country. A popular tool to measure wealth inequality is the Gini Index, where 0 reflects perfect equality, and 100 implies perfect inequality.

Although wealth can fuel innovation and economic growth, its concentrated accumulation often raises questions about fairness, social justice, and threatens political stability. The United States, one of the world’s largest economies, has a Gini Index of 41.4%, placing it on the higher end of the wealth inequality spectrum when compared to other developed nations. 

Key findings from the data include:

  • South Africa, with a Gini index score of 63%, has the highest wealth inequality globally, followed closely by Namibia (59.1%).
  • On the other end of the wealth inequality scale, Slovenia exhibits the least wealth inequality, with a Gini Index value of 24.6%.
  • The United States, despite being one of the richest countries globally, has the 12th highest wealth inequality in the world, with a Gini index value of 41.4%.
  • Wealth concentration is not exclusive to developing economies, with multiple high-income countries exhibiting significant wealth disparities, such as the United Kingdom (35.1%) and Italy (35.9%).
  • Interestingly, despite having one of the largest populations and fastest-growing economies globally, India has a relatively low Gini index of 35.7%, reflecting a less unequal wealth distribution than several developed economies. 

As wealth inequality keeps attracting political and economic scrutiny, it becomes imperative to identify policies and practices that promote fair wealth distribution while fostering economic growth and prosperity.

Countries With Highest Wealth Inequality

In terms of wealth inequality, the following countries top the list, discerned using the Gini Index, which measures wealth distribution among a population. 

South Africa leads with the highest wealth inequality, scoring 63.0 on the Gini Index. The country with the second highest wealth inequality is Namibia with a score of 59.1. Suriname is third with a score of 57.9 on the Gini Index. This is followed closely by Zambia, with a score of 57.1.

Sao Tome and Principe ranks fifth, with wealth inequality measured at 56.3 on the Gini Index. The Central African Republic follows directly after, with a score of 56.2. Eswatini, otherwise known as Swaziland, has a Gini Index score of 54.6, ranking their wealth inequality as the seventh highest.

Mozambique has the eighth highest value in wealth inequality, with a Gini Index score of 54.0. Brazil and Botswana round off this list, scoring 53.4 and 53.3 respectively on the Gini Index.

10 Countries with the Highest Wealth Inequality:

  1. South Africa - 63.0
  2. Namibia - 59.1
  3. Suriname - 57.9
  4. Zambia - 57.1
  5. Sao Tome and Principe - 56.3
  6. Central African Republic - 56.2
  7. Eswatini (Swaziland) - 54.6
  8. Mozambique - 54.0
  9. Brazil - 53.4
  10. Botswana - 53.3

Countries With Lowest Wealth Inequality

The ten countries with the lowest wealth inequality, measured by the Gini Index, are Slovenia, the Czech Republic, Belarus, Moldova, the United Arab Emirates, Iceland, Azerbaijan, Ukraine, Belgium, and Finland. 

Slovenia has the lowest wealth inequality with a Gini Index of 24.6. The Czech Republic comes in second place with a Gini Index of 25.0, followed closely by Belarus, with a Gini Index of 25.3. Fourth on the list is Moldova with a Gini Index of 25.7, and the United Arab Emirates has the fifth lowest wealth inequality, measuring a Gini Index of 26.0. 

Iceland registers a Gini Index value of 26.1, while Azerbaijan and Ukraine both record a Gini Index of 26.6. Belgium has a Gini Index of 27.2 and Finland rounds out the list of the ten countries with the lowest wealth inequality, with a Gini Index of 27.3.

The ten countries with the lowest wealth inequality are:

  1. Slovenia - 24.6 Gini Index
  2. Czech Republic - 25.0 Gini Index
  3. Belarus - 25.3 Gini Index
  4. Moldova - 25.7 Gini Index
  5. United Arab Emirates - 26.0 Gini Index
  6. Iceland - 26.1 Gini Index
  7. Azerbaijan - 26.6 Gini Index
  8. Ukraine - 26.6 Gini Index
  9. Belgium - 27.2 Gini Index
  10. Finland - 27.3 Gini Index

By Country

Full Data Set

The data points presented are defined as follows:

  • Gini Index - The measure of inequality within a nation of social group. A Gini coefficient of 0 reflects perfect equality, where all income or wealth is the same while a Gini coefficient of 100 reflects maximal inequality. 

To sort the data in the table, click on the column headers.

Frequently Asked Questions

Methodology