Harnessing the power of the wind as a renewable source of electricity has changed the energy landscape remarkably since the beginning of this millennium. Surpassing 900GW total installed generation capacity worldwide at the end of 2022, wind power is an effective response to the urgent call for sustainable alternatives to fossil fuels. As of 2022, more than half of the new wind power installations were witnessed outside of Europe and North America—in rapidly growing economies like China and India—with wind power being commercially leveraged in more than half of all the world's countries.
Notably, China has secured a firm hold over wind power capacity, boasting over 40% of the world's capacity. Further, European countries, such as Denmark, continue to exemplify the seamless integration of wind power into energy portfolios, with 55% of Denmark's electricity sourced from wind in 2022. Yet, emerging regions, including the Middle East, Latin America, Southeast Asia, and Africa, are increasing their wind power capacities, demonstrating a global shift towards this renewable energy source.
Key findings from the data include:
China, the global leader in wind energy generation, produced a staggering 466.5 MWh in 2022, accounting for over 40% of the world's wind energy. Hot on China's heels, the United States generated 341.4 MWh, making it the second largest producer of wind energy. Germany, with a recorded wind energy production of 132.1 MWh, remained one of Europe's front-runners in wind power generation and took the third place.
The United Kingdom secured the fourth spot with 75.4 MWh, continuing to show Europe's persistent efforts in harnessing wind energy. Notably, India, an emerging market in wind energy, held its own against traditional markets, ranking fifth with 60.4 MWh. Brazil, another rapidly growing economy, generated 57.1 MWh of wind power, just ahead of Spain's 56.4 MWh.
France and Canada trail closely, generating 39.7 MWh and 35.6 MWh respectively.
Countries Producing the Most Wind Energy: