Asia, the largest and most diverse continent, presents a dynamic economic landscape that includes both some of the world's richest and poorest countries. Despite significant economic advances in the region, poverty remains persistent in several nations.
These countries, despite being rich in natural resources or human capital, face various challenges in terms of infrastructure, political stability, education, healthcare, and economic policy that hinder their growth and development.
Key findings from the data reveal:
These findings illustrate the vast contrasts in wealth between Asian countries. Such regional disparities underscore the need for targeted policy measures and international support to uplift those facing the harshest economic conditions and to facilitate sustainable development in these nations.
Leading the unfortunate list is Afghanistan, which has a GNI per capita of only $500. The harsh economic climate in Afghanistan is a testament to the enduring conflicts and political instability that the country has been grappling with for many years.
Second on the list is Yemen with a GNI per capita of $940. War, famine, and a severe economic blockade have decimated the economic fabric of Yemen, leaving it in a deplorable state.
Tajikistan finds itself third due to a GNI per capita of $1,060. Its economy is hampered by physical isolation, limited resources, outdated infrastructure, and inadequate institutions.
Close behind is Kyrgyzstan with a GNI per capita of $1,160. It faces similar challenges as its neighbor Tajikistan, further exacerbated by issues of corruption and governance.
Nepal is next with a GNI per capita of $1,190. Despite commendable strides in recent years, uneven development and political challenges continue to hinder necessary economic growth.
Myanmar and Pakistan follow closely, both dealing with their own internal conflicts and economic challenges. The GNI per capita for Myanmar and Pakistan stands at $1,260 and $1,280, respectively.
Cambodia has a GNI per capita of $1,490. Even though Cambodia has experienced rapid economic growth in the recent past, poverty and inequitable wealth distribution remain significant concerns.
Uzbekistan claims the ninth spot with a GNI per capita of $1,670, reflecting its struggles with corruption, labor rights, and economic reforms.
Lastly, Syria makes it on the list with a GNI per capita of $1,820, principally due to the catastrophic impacts of the ongoing civil war.
Ten poorest Asian countries according to GNI per capita are:
To sort the data in the table, click on the column headers.