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Birth Rate By Country

Birth Rate By Country
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Birth Rates around the Globe

Birth rates, which provide the annual number of births per 1,000 people, are critical indicators of a country's demographic growth and development trends. Examining these figures offers key insights into the societal trends and social health of nations, helping in the prediction of future population growth and economic development.

According to recent data, birth rates vary significantly around the globe, with some of the highest rates being seen in African nations, while the lowest rates tend to occur in developed, industrialized countries. In the United States, the birth rate currently sits at 12.4 births per 1,000 people.

Key findings from the data include:

  • African nations such as Angola, Niger, Mali, Chad, and Uganda lead the world in birth rates, all above 40 births per 1,000 people. This high birth rate can be attributed to factors such as limited access to family planning services and socio-cultural norms favoring larger families.
  • The United States has a moderate birth rate compared to the global stage, with a birth rate of 12.4 births per 1,000 people. This rate reflects evolving societal norms, economic pressures, and increased accessibility and use of family planning methods.
  • Many developed nations, including Germany, Italy, and Portugal, are witnessing low birth rates, well below 10 births per 1,000 people. This can be attributed to various societal changes such as later marriage age, increased urbanization, higher education and career goals among women, and the increased cost of child-rearing.
  • The lowest birth rates are noted in Monaco and Andorra, both nestled in Europe, indicating severe negative population growth, which holds potential challenges for these nations regarding their future workforce and economy. 
  • Some Asian countries, including Japan and South Korea, also have low birth rates, often linked with societal pressures, economic challenges, and high cost of living.

Understanding birth rates and their global distribution can illuminate trends and trajectories of social and economic development and inform policy-making in key areas such as healthcare, education, and social welfare.

Countries With Highest Birth Rates

The top ten countries with the highest birth rates per 1,000 are Angola, Niger, Mali, Chad, Uganda, Zambia, Burundi, Malawi, Somalia, and Liberia. The country with the highest birth rate is Angola with a birth rate of 43.7 per 1,000. The country with the second highest birth rate is Niger with a birth rate of 43.6 per 1,000. Following closely is Mali with a birth rate of 43.2 per 1,000 and Chad, having a birth rate of 43.0 per 1,000. Uganda has the fifth highest birth rate of 42.4 per 1,000, followed by Zambia with 41.1, Burundi with 40.9, and Malawi with 40.7. Somalia holds the ninth position with a birth rate of 39.3 per 1,000 while Liberia concludes the list with a birth rate of 37.9 per 1,000.

10 Countries with the highest birth rates:

  1. Angola - 43.7 per 1,000
  2. Niger - 43.6 per 1,000
  3. Mali - 43.2 per 1,000
  4. Chad - 43.0 per 1,000
  5. Uganda - 42.4 per 1,000
  6. Zambia - 41.1 per 1,000
  7. Burundi - 40.9 per 1,000
  8. Malawi - 40.7 per 1,000
  9. Somalia - 39.3 per 1,000
  10. Liberia - 37.9 per 1,000

Countries With Lowest Birth Rates

The ten countries with the lowest birth rates are Monaco, Andorra, Japan, Portugal, Taiwan, Greece, South Korea, Macau, Bulgaria, and Italy. Monaco has the lowest birth rate with 6.5 births per 1,000 population. The second country with the lowest birth rate is Andorra, with 7.3 births per 1,000 population. Japan has the third-lowest birth rate of 8.0 births per 1,000 population. Portugal and Taiwan share the same birth rate at 8.2 births per 1,000 population. Greece and South Korea also both share a birth rate of 8.3 births per 1,000 population. Macau has a slightly higher birth rate at 8.4 births per 1,000 population. Finally, Bulgaria and Italy round out the list with a birth rate of 8.5 births per 1,000 population.

10 Countries With Lowest Birth Rates:

  1. Monaco - 6.5 births per 1,000 population
  2. Andorra - 7.3 births per 1,000 population
  3. Japan - 8.0 births per 1,000 population
  4. Portugal - 8.2 births per 1,000 population
  5. Taiwan - 8.2 births per 1,000 population
  6. Greece - 8.3 births per 1,000 population
  7. South Korea - 8.3 births per 1,000 population
  8. Macau - 8.4 births per 1,000 population
  9. Bulgaria - 8.5 births per 1,000 population
  10. Italy - 8.5 births per 1,000 population

By Country

Full Data Set

To sort the data in the table, click on the column headers.

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