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Largest Countries In Africa

Land Area


Africa, the world's second-largest continent, is a landmass of great diversity and grandeur. It is a vast tapestry of sweeping deserts, dense rainforests, towering mountains, and expansive savannas, crisscrossed by some of the world's most iconic rivers. Africa’s size is reflected in its vast nations, and this article aims to delve into the topography of the continent's decades-long political borders, determining which are the largest countries on the African continent by land area.

The African continent is home to some of the world's largest countries. African nations are mammoth territorial expanses, a testament to their significant spatial presence on the world map. 

Key findings from the data include:

  • Algeria, with a whopping 2.4 million square kilometers, is the largest country in Africa and the 10th largest globally. Its vast landscapes span the Mediterranean coastline, the Sahara Desert, and the Atlas Mountains.
  • The Democratic Republic of Congo is the second-largest with 2.3 million square kilometers, containing some of the largest and least exploited deposits of natural resources in the world. 
  • Sudan, Libya, Chad, and Niger follow, each with land areas exceeding a million square kilometers. Their size encompasses a range of landscapes from deserts to mountains to savannas.
  • Within the top 10 largest African countries, South Africa and Ethiopia are the only two which harbor populations exceeding 100 million individuals.
  • Mauritania is the eleventh largest, breaking the chain of million-plus square kilometer countries with a still noteworthy land area of 1 million square kilometers.

Impressively, even the smallest countries in Africa, such as Seychelles, offer unique biodiversity and landscapes despite their small land area.



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