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Countries By Population

Countries By Population
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Introduction

Global population dynamics represent an insightful study into the political, economic, and cultural narratives that have shaped the modern world. Understanding the structures of the world's populations allows us to discern patterns in economic development, resources allocation, and social behavior, thereby facilitating more accurate strategic planning and policy-making on a global level.

  • India leads as the country with the largest population; a staggering figure of 1.441 billion people. Closely following is China, with 1.425 billion residents, evidencing the massive demographic weight that Asia carries in global population figures. 
  • The United States ranks third, housing a relatively smaller yet substantial population of 331.9 million people.
  • Nations like Monaco, Luxembourg, and the Cayman Islands, with populations under a million, are considerably influential, particularly in the financial sector.
  • Several significant economies, including the United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Italy, all host populations under 100 million, suggesting a high standard of living. Conversely, populous countries like Nigeria, Bangladesh, and Mexico experience relatively low living standards.

Most Populated Countries

Going by the sheer number of inhabitants, India stands tallest with a staggering count of 1.441 billion people. A close second is China, with a population of 1.425 billion. The continental mass of Asia, armed with these two demographic giants, wields substantial weight in the global population figures.

The United States graces the third spot in this list, housing an impressive 331.9 million residents, illustrating its considerable demographic impact in international politics and the global economy. Following behind, Indonesia and Pakistan each house considerable population figures of 276.4 million and 225.2 million respectively.

An important component of the BRIC countries, Brazil, comes sixth in the list with a population of 214.0 million, demonstrating the vital role that sheer population size plays in their economic expansion. Located in Africa and a developing country is Nigeria with a population of 211.4 million highlighting the significant and diverse issues affecting developing nations globally.

Continuing the analysis of the most populated countries, Bangladesh comes next with 166.3 million residents. Russia, the largest country in terms of landmass, has a modest population of 143.4 million, presenting a striking contrast to its vast territory. The list rounds off with Mexico, home to a considerable population of 130.3 million.

Top 10 Most Populated Countries:

  1. India - 1.441B
  2. China - 1.425B
  3. United States - 331.9M
  4. Indonesia - 276.4M
  5. Pakistan - 225.2M
  6. Brazil - 214.0M
  7. Nigeria - 211.4M
  8. Bangladesh - 166.3M
  9. Russia - 143.4M
  10. Mexico - 130.3M

Least Populated Countries

The least populated country in the world is Nauru, an island nation located in Micronesia, Western Pacific. With a modest population of approximately 10.9K, Nauru demonstrates how small islands, because of their geographical constraints, often have smaller populations.

Following closely is Palau, another Pacific Island nation with an estimated population of 18.2K. Like Nauru, Palau's low population count can be attributed to its small land area and isolated location.

The British Virgin Islands is the third on the list with a population size of about 30.4K. 

San Marino, a microstate in Southern Europe, is home to approximately 34.0K residents.

Liechtenstein, situated between Switzerland and Austria, has a population of approximately 38.3K.

The Turks and Caicos Islands, a British Overseas Territory, has a similarly small population size of around 39.2K, reinforcing the trend of smaller populations in overseas territories.

Monaco, known for its affluence and upscale establishments, hosts a population of about 39.5K. The limited land area and high cost of living could contribute to its smaller populace.

The Northern Mariana Islands, a U.S. territory, has a population of approximately 57.9K.

Lastly, the Marshall Islands and Bermuda hold populations of 59.6K and 63.9K, respectively. Both being island nations, their geographic locations and sizes come into play resulting in smaller populations.

Least Populated Countries are:

  1. Nauru - 10.9K 
  2. Palau - 18.2K 
  3. British Virgin Islands - 30.4K 
  4. San Marino - 34.0K 
  5. Liechtenstein - 38.3K 
  6. Turks and Caicos Islands - 39.2K 
  7. Monaco - 39.5K 
  8. Northern Mariana Islands - 57.9K 
  9. Marshall Islands - 59.6K 
  10. Bermuda - 63.9K 

Full Data Set

Frequently Asked Questions

Methodology