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Oldest Countries

Date of Sovereignty

The World's Oldest Countries

One of the most captivating aspects of our world's history is the origin and evolution of nations. The etchings of human civilization date back millennia, and the deep historical roots of the world's oldest countries serve as a telling reminder of our collective past. 

History intertwines with culture, tradition, conflict, triumph, and knowledge passed down through generations to form the story of a country. As such, these ancient nations and their stories offer valuable insights into human civilization's progression and development. 

Using historical data, we can discern some key findings regarding the world's oldest nations:

  • Iran is the oldest country in the world, dating back to 3200 BC, followed closely by Egypt, established in 3100 BC. 
  • Vietnam, founded in 2879 BC, Armenia in 2492 BC, and North Korea in 2333 BC, complete the list of the five oldest countries worldwide.
  • San Marino, established in 301 BC, is Europe's oldest country, while Japan, dating back to 400 AD, is acknowledged as the oldest country in East Asia. 
  • Interestingly, over half of the top ten oldest countries, including Iran, Egypt, India, and Israel, are nestled in Asia - illustrating the continent's significant role in early human civilization.
  • The United States, by comparison, is a relatively young country, with its independence declared in 1776 AD.

Understanding our global history and the origin of nations allows us to appreciate the diverse and complex tapestry of human civilization. As we turn the pages of history, we are privy to the rich, nuanced narratives of these ancient nations that continue to influence our world today.



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