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Countries in North America

Countries in North America
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Introduction

North America, a dynamic continent home to a diverse range of cultures, languages, and geographies, presents an interesting landscape for demographic study. With over 23 countries and numerous non-sovereign territories such as Bermuda, Aruba, Cayman Islands, Greenland, and Puerto Rico, it is a rich tapestry woven by peoples of various backgrounds, histories, and populations. 

  • With an estimated population of approximately 331.9M individuals, the United States stands as the most populous country in North America. This is followed distantly by Mexico (130.3M), Canada (38.2M), Guatemala (17.1M), and Haiti (11.5M).
  • The smallest countries by population size are island nations or territories such as Montserrat (4.9K) and Saint Pierre and Miquelon (5.8K), giving a perspective of the immense population range within North America.
  • Linguistic and cultural division between Anglo-America and Latin America is also reflected in the population trends. Countries where English is the predominant language, such as the United States and Canada, have sizeable populations. In contrast, Latin American countries vary, with some like Mexico having large populations, and others like El Salvador and Costa Rica having mid-range populations.
  • Among non-sovereign territories, Puerto Rico stands as the most populous with a population of 3.3M, indicating its significant size compared to other non-sovereign territories.

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