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Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Country

Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Country


Understanding the distribution and volume of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is fundamental to global efforts towards climate change mitigation. These gases, notorious for their heat-trapping quality, have been intensified by human activity, especially through the burning of fossil fuels and certain agricultural practices. Though certain levels of these gases are necessary for a habitable temperature on Earth, excess emissions are resulting in unnatural global warming, a primary concern for the planet's future. 

The data presented outlines the volume of GHG emissions in metric tons by countries across the globe.

  • China, the leading contributor, emits 12.4 million metric tons of greenhouse gases—more than double the emissions of the United States, the second highest contributor at 6.0 million metric tons.
  • Developed nations like the United States, Russia, Japan, and Germany rank high on the list, underlining the correlation between industrialization and higher emissions. 
  • Large emerging economies are significant contributors as well. Both China and India, with their expansive industrial sectors and huge populations, fall within the top three emitters globally. 
  • Notably, smaller nations with intensive fossil fuel production and use, like Iran, Canada, and Saudi Arabia, appear within the top 15 emitters, indicating the considerable environmental impact of fossil fuel dependency.
  • Lastly, the list demonstrates the global disparity in emission contributions. The highest emitting country, China, produces more GHGs than nearly the bottom 150 combined. This inequality in contributions highlights the divergent levels of responsibility and potential impacts on climate change response strategies globally.

Countries that Produce the Most Greenhouse Emissions

China occupies the top spot as the leading emitter, producing a massive 12.4 million metric tons of greenhouse gases annually. This statistic can be attributed to the country's vast population, booming industry, and substantial reliance on burning of fossil fuels.

The United States is the second-largest contributor, emitting approximately 6.0 million metric tons of greenhouse gases every year. The extensive industrial sector, substantial energy usage, and lucrative agricultural practices are key drivers contributing to these high levels of emissions in the country.

India, with its burgeoning population and expanding industrial sector, ranks third, contributing around 3.4 million metric tons of greenhouse gases annually to the atmosphere. 

Russia, another large-scale emitter, stands in the fourth position. Despite its low population density, the extensive fossil fuel industry contributes heavily to its annual emission of 2.5 million metric tons. 

Rounding off the top five is Japan, which emits approximately 1.2 million metric tons of greenhouse gases per year, a significant figure considering the country's small geographical area.

The sixth to tenth spots are occupied by Brazil, Indonesia, Iran, Germany, and Canada, all of which contribute significantly to greenhouse gas emissions. These countries, despite varying levels of population and industrialization, share a common thread - a dependency on processes that result in substantial emissions. 

Countries with the most Greenhouse Gas Emissions (in Metric Tons)

  1. China - 12.4M
  2. United States - 6.0M
  3. India - 3.4M
  4. Russia - 2.5M
  5. Japan - 1.2M
  6. Brazil - 1.0M
  7. Indonesia - 969.6 K
  8. Iran - 828.3 K
  9. Germany - 806.1 K
  10. Canada - 724.9 K

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